innovative media initiative gives vulnerable groups access to informationGlobal Voices



TV Surdo – streamed on YouTube (Photo: screenshot)

TV Surdo, an initiative created in 2008, aims to produce content for hearing and visually impaired people. The TV channel produces its own content, which is broadcast on three TV channels based in Maputo, the capital of Mozambique.

The productions are also available on a YouTube channel. According to the International Center of Journalists, TV Surdo has emerged to make news more inclusive since most mainstream TV channels often inadvertently exclude people with disabilities.

In a post on its Facebook, TV Surdo noted that although there is a law facilitating access to information, people with disabilities continue to be excluded:

Sete anos depois da aprovação da lei 34/2014 de Dezembro que regula o direito to informação, persistem desafios sobre acesso to informação para pessoas com deficiência.

Entretanto a TV Surdo continued to manter viva a esperança de deixar informadas todas as pessoas com deficiência.

Seven years after the approval of Law 34/2014 of December, which regulates the right to information, challenges remain regarding access to information for people with disabilities.
Meanwhile, TV Surdo continues to nurture the hope of educating all people with disabilities.
# Inclusive media

Mozambique has an estimated 727,000 people with some type of disability, according to 2017 census data from the National Institute of Statistics (INE). The country has more than 68,000 people with hearing loss and hearing problems. There are also more than 58,000 people with visual impairments.

Television and radio remain the most widespread means of information

In Mozambique, the majority of the population does not have access to digital media. Only 21% of its more than 30 million inhabitants have access to the Internet. In practical terms, television and radio have the greatest reach in the country.

Radio is the most popular news channel for Mozambicans. According to the Institute for Social Communication (ICS), about 75 percent of the country’s population receives information through community radio stations.

The lack of media inclusion in Mozambique was highlighted in a study by the Institute for Multiparty Democracy. The study mentions the lack of educational programs and opportunities on radio, television and the Internet. Although the COVID-19 pandemic has forced the education sector to explore these mediums as new forms of learning, educational content is still scarce.

Another challenge regarding access to television is the ongoing process of changing the distribution system from analogue in Mozambique to digital.

Although it has already been postponed at least twice, Mozambique is expected to switch from analogue television to digital systems, which allow better quality of television visual and audio transmission, as well as the emergence of new channels and products. media in the Mozambican market. The process is implemented by the public company of Transport, Multiplication and Transmission (TMT).

According to the Minister of Transport and Communications, Janfar Abdulai, the process of migrating from analogue to digital television is underway, with the first phase of shutdown of broadcasters being completed on September 30. However, this situation worries users who are concerned that it will be exclusive:

Stopping the analog signal and its effects

– Omardine Zacarias Omar Rajua (@OmarRajua) September 28, 2021

Migration from analog signal to digital signal: there is “confusion” in stores selling decoders in Maputo # senami #falsacaodedocumentos #nampula #opaisonline #opais #gruposoicohttps: // / TXSs3GO90z

– O País Online (@opaisonline) September 23, 2021

In this context, TV Surdo stands out for its ability to reach a greater number of people, not limited only and specifically to deaf people in digital media, but also to anyone with any type of disability.


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